Ficus elastica (1 meter)
Description: Ficus elastica is an attractive indoor plant with large, glossy leaves that can range in color from deep green to variegated combinations of green and creamy white. The leaves are broad, oval, and can grow up to 12 inches long. The plant typically reaches a height of 6-10 feet when grown indoors and is often used as a decorative and air-purifying houseplant.
Care and Maintenance:
- Light: Rubber Plants thrive in bright, indirect light. They can tolerate some direct sunlight, but too much can scorch their leaves. If the plant doesn’t receive enough light, it may become leggy and less compact. Rotate the plant occasionally to ensure even growth.
- Temperature: Rubber Plants prefer consistent room temperatures between 60-75°F (15-24°C). They are sensitive to cold drafts, so avoid placing them near doors or windows with cold drafts during the winter.
- Watering: Allow the top inch or two of the soil to dry out before watering. Be cautious not to over water, as this can lead to root rot. In the growing season (spring and summer), water more frequently, and reduce the frequency during the dormant season (fall and winter).
- Pruning: Prune the plant to maintain its shape and size. You can remove any leggy or damaged growth. Ficus elastica can be encouraged to branch by pinching or pruning the tips of new growth.
- Repotting: Repot your Rubber Plant when it becomes root-bound or every 2-3 years, typically in the spring. Choose a slightly larger pot with good drainage and use a well-draining potting mix.
- Pests and Diseases: Common pests that may affect Rubber Plants include mealybugs and spider mites. Regularly inspect your plant for signs of infestation, and if you notice any pests, treat them promptly. Keep an eye out for leaf drop, which can be a sign of stress or pests.
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